Coast KZN

Apply for

Discharge Permit

The discharge of any effluent into the coastal environment from a land-based process must be authorised by the Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE).

Previously the disposal of land-derived effluent into coastal waters was controlled by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (now the Department of Water and Sanitation) under the National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998) (NWA). This provides the specific conditions for the treatment and disposal of the effluent. Under the ICM Act, the discharge of effluent from a land-based source into coastal waters is authorised by the DFFE through a Coastal Waters Discharge Permit (CWDP).

Who to contact


Telephone Email
M. Tshikotshi 021 819 2455
N. Baijnath-Pillay 021 819 2409


Any person or entity who discharges or intends to discharge land-derived effluent into the coastal waters of South Africa must apply for a CWDP.

Section 69 (1) of the ICM Act states: “No person may discharge effluent that originates from a source on land into coastal waters except in terms of a general authorisation ... or a coastal waters discharge permit ...”

Under the ICM Act, “effluent” is defined as: (a) Any liquid discharged into the coastal environment as waste, and includes any substance dissolved or suspended in the liquid; or (b) Liquid which is a different temperature from the body of water into which it is being discharged.

Under the ICM Act, “Waste” is defined as: “... any substance, whether or not that substance can be re-used, recycled or recovered – (i) that is surplus, unwanted, rejected, discharged, abandoned or disposed of; (ii) that the generator has no further use of, for the purposes of production, reprocessing or consumption; and (iii) that is discharged or deposited in a manner that may detrimentally impact on the environment.”

Applications for Discharge Permits

An application form with all applicable documents must be addressed and sent to the:

Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment - Oceans and Coasts

Director: Coastal Pollution Management

Physical Address:

  • 2nd Floor East Pier Building

  • East Pier Road

  • V & A Waterfront

  • Cape Town

Postal Address:

  • P.O. Box 52126

  • V & A Waterfront

  • 8002

CWDP Application

Electronic submissions:

The discharge triggers Listing Notices in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulations under NEMA, and is subject to the applicable environmental authorisation by the DFFE and/ or a Coastal Waters Discharge Permit (CWDP) or a General Authorisation (GA).

Additional Information

Contact details to report pollution incidents:

Report pollution

For more information on the ICM Act:

Legislation: ICM Act

Application Guidelines

National Guideline for Discharge of Effluent from Land-Based Sources into the Coastal Environment

Guidelines for Discharge of Effluent (PDF)