National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act
Act No. 10 of 2004
To provide for the management and conservation of South Africa’s biodiversity within the framework of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998; the protection of species and ecosystems that warrant national protection; the sustainable use of indigenous biological resources; the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from bioprospecting involving indigenous biological resources; the establishment and functions of a South African National Biodiversity Institute; and for matters connected therewith.
The purpose of this Act is:
to, under the National Environmental Act; conserve and manage biological diversity within the Republic; use indigenous biological resources in a sustainable manner; and ensure equitable sharing of indigenous biological resources among stakeholders benefiting from bioprospecting.
to give effect to ratified international agreements relating to biodiversity which are binding on the Republic;
to provide for co-operative governance in biodiversity management and conservation; and
to provide for a South African National Biodiversity Institute to assist in achieving the objectives of this Act.
Chapters of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act:
Objectives of Act
State’s trusteeship of biological diversity
Application of Act
Application of international agreements
Application of other biodiversity legislation
National environmental management principles
Conflicts with other legislation
Norms and standards
Establishment, powers and duties of Institute
Governing board, composition and membersh
Operating procedures of Board
Administration of Institute
National botanical garden
Co-ordination and alignment of plans, monitoring and research
Protection of threatened or protected ecosystem
Protection of threatened or protected specie
Trade in listed threatened or protected species
Bioprospecting involving indigenous biological resources
Export of listed indigenous biological resources
Material transfer agreements
Establishment of Bioprospecting Trust Fund
Repeal of Act 122 of 1984
Existing bioprospecting projects
Short title and commencement
Shark Biodiversity Management Plan
25 March 2015
"The purpose of the SBMP is to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for resident and migratory sharks within South African waters, taking into account the socio-economic and other values of these species, based on the best available scientific information. The SBMP would be the mechanism whereby this effort can be coordinated, directed and implemented on a national and international scale to the benefit of sharks and their habitats. The SBMP would also identify species and areas where additional interventions would be necessary to address threats to populations. The SBMP will be implemented in conjunction with, and takes cognizance of, the National Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks (NPOA), that has been developed by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) and which focuses on shark fisheries management..."
The Revised National list of Ecosystems that are Threatened and in need of Protection was updated using the updated IUCN Red List of Ecosystems framework. It covers 458 terrestial ecosystem types descibed in South Africa. The list identifies 120 threatened ecosystem types, of which 55 are Critically Endangered, 51 Endangered and 14 are Vulnerable.