Coast KZN

Estuarine Management

EMPs for Ugu District Municipality

Estuary Management Plans for estuaries within the Ugu District.


iMpenjati Estuary Management Plan: Part 2 August 2012

"The Mpenjati Estuary is listed as one of South Africa’s 120 ‘priority estuaries’ which need to remain formally protected to satisfy the targets of the national conservation plan in terms of protecting estuarine biodiversity.The portion of the estuary within the NR has been managed by Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife for over 25 years, with management interventions occasionally extending beyond the reserve boundaries, contributing to the preservation of the system in a largely natural state with few modifications. However, increasing coastal development pressure together with habitat destruction, water abstraction, pollution, past and prospective sand mining, nutrient loading, and exploitation of natural resources threaten the integrity of this system. Effective management of human activities in relation to the Mpenjati Estuary is therefore considered critical and this is to be accomplished by means of an Estuary Management Plan (EMP) as required by the Integrated Coastal Management Act (Act No. 24 of 2008) and the draft National Estuarine Management Protocol"