Coast KZN

Estuarine Management

EMPs for eThekwini Metropolitan

Each estuary requires a site specific plan to ensure that it is effectively managed, biodiversity is conserved and the goods and services provided are maintained.

Durban Bay

Durban Bay Estuarine Management Plan 2016

"Durban Bay is classified as an estuarine bay. Estuarine bays are large tidal systems where there is freshwater input but also a strong marine influence. They represent the rarest estuarine type in South Africa where only Knysna, Richards Bay and Durban Bay fall into this category. Significantly, this Bay is also known as the Port of Durban, the leading container port in the southern hemisphere, and it therefore functions as one of national economy’s key assets (Forbes and Demetriades 2006). Moreover, it is an important resource for the citizens of Durban to access recreational, subsistence and other social benefits. As described in the Situation Assessment Report (2011), the Bay’s estuarine ecosystem has been compromised to the point that it has lost resilience for various reasons related to both the Port uses and the socio-economic activities undertaken within the catchments which drain into the Bay. Yet, while the environment has become significantly degraded, it nevertheless remains an estuary of local, regional and even national significance."


Isipingo Estuary

Isipingo Estuary Management Plan 2016

"The Isipingo Estuary, situated within the Prospecton industrial area south of Durban, presents a particular challenge due to its highly modified state, the levels of pollution, and the use-expectations from the surrounding communities. Despite its degraded state, the system exhibits incredible ecological resilience and represents a significant biodiversity core area within the urban industrial landscape. In addition, the Prospecton industrial area is increasingly subject to flooding brought on by frequent and heavy precipitation and the existing management of the estuary is not contributing to the effective reduction of flood damage to the surrounding industries and homes. The Isipingo Estuary is a key ‘natural’ system that, if managed properly, can play a significant role in reducing risk to the economic prerogative of the area. It is clear that this system requires direct intervention and active management."