National Environmental Management Act
Act No. 107, 1998
To provide for co-operative environmental governance by establishing principles for decision-making on matters affecting the environment, institutions that will promote co-operative governance and procedures for co-ordinating environmental functions exercised by organs of state; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
The NEMA defines the environment as the surroundings in which humans exist and includes the land, water and atmosphere. In addition, it includes the interrelationships, combinations, properties and conditions of all organisms that exist within the surroundings. This extremely broad definition of the environment ties into the concept of integrated environmental management, which the NEMA promotes. The NEMA is not able to specify how each component of the environment is legislated, as such, a significant amount of environmental legislation stems from the NEMA