Spatial Planning & Land Use Management Act

Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, Act No. 16 of 2013, provides a framework for spatial planning and land use management in South Africa; specifying the relationship between spatial planning and land use management systems as well as other forms of planning. This aims to address past spatial and regulatory imbalances and promote greater consistency and uniformity in application procedures and decision making.

Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act
Act No. 16 of 2013
"To provide a framework for spatial planning and land use management in the Republic; to specify the relationship between the spatial planning and the land use management system and other kinds of planning; to provide for the inclusive, developmental, equitable and efficient spatial planning at the different spheres of government; to provide a framework for the monitoring, coordination and review of the spatial planning and land use management system; to provide a framework for policies, principles, norms and standards for spatial development planning and land use management; to address past spatial and regulatory imbalances; to promote greater consistency and uniformity in the application procedures and decision-making by authorities responsible for land use decisions and development applications; to provide for the establishment, functions and operations of Municipal Planning Tribunals; to provide for the facilitation and enforcement of land use and development measures; and to provide for matters connected therewith."

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The purpose of this Act is:

  • Provide for a uniform, effective and comprehensive system of spatial planning and land use management for the Republic;
  • Ensure that the system of spatial planning and land use management promotes social and economic inclusion;
  • Provide for development principles and norms and standards;
  • Provide for the sustainable and ef´Čücient use of land;
  • Provide for cooperative government and intergovernmental relations amongst the national, provincial and local spheres of government; and
  • Redress the imbalances of the past and to ensure that there is equity in the application of spatial development planning and land use management systems.

Chapters of the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act:

Chapter 1: Introductory Provisions Chapter 2: Development Principles and Norms and Standards
  • Definitions
  • Application of Act
  • Objects of Act
  • Spatial planning system
  • Categories of spatial planning
  • Application of development principles
  • Development principles
  • Norms and standards
Chapter 3: Intergovermental Support Chapter 4: Spatial Development Frameworks
  • National support and monitoring
  • Provincial support and monitoring
  • Municipal differentiation
  • Part A: Preparation of spatial development frameworks
  • Part B: Preparation and content of national spatial development framework
  • Trade in listed threatened or protected species
  • Part C: Preparation, content and legal effect of provincial spatial development framework
  • Part D: Preparation and content of regional spatial development framework
  • Part E: Preparation and content of municipal spatial development framework
  • Part F: Status of spatial development frameworks
Chapter 5: Land Use Management Chapter 6: Land Development Management
  • Role of executive authority
  • Land use scheme
  • Purpose and content of land use scheme
  • Legal effect of land use scheme
  • Review and monitoring of land use scheme
  • Amendment of land use scheme and rezoning
  • Consultation with other land development authorities
  • Alignment of authorisations
  • Record of amendments to land use scheme
  • Enforcement of land use scheme
  • Part A: Municipal land use planning 
  • Part B: Establishment of Municipal Planning Tribunals
  • Part C: Processes of Municipal Planning Tribunals 
  • Part D: Related Land Development Matters 
Chapter 7: General Provisions
  • Commencement of registration of ownership
  • Regulations
  • Exemptions
  • Delegation
  • Non-impediment of function
  • Offences and penalties
  • Repeal of laws
  • Transitional provisions
  • Shirt title and commencement

Marine Spatial Planning Framework

National Framework for Marine Spatial Planning in South Africa
26 May 2017
"Purpose of the South African Marine Spatial Planning Framework The purpose of this document is to provide the framework for Marine Spatial Planning in South Africa's ocean space. It provides high-level direction for undertaking Marine Spatial Planning in the context of the South African legislation and policies as well as existing planning regimes. It describes the process for the preparation of Marine Area plans and their implementation, in order to ensure consistency in Marine Spatial Planning across the South African ocean space. The framework will facilitate the development, implementation, monitoring and revision of Marine Area plans. Through this Marine Spatial Planning system, the sustainable development of South Africa's ocean space will be enabled. Marine Spatial Planning will provide the following benefits for the South African nation: ..."
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